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The spring of saw the publication, in Paul Fort's review Le Livre d'art , of Jarry's 5-act play Ubu Roi —the rewritten and expanded Les Polonais of his school days. Ubu Roi' s savage humor and monstrous absurdity, unlike anything thus far performed in French theater, seemed unlikely to ever actually be performed on stage.

A quarter of an hour of pandemonium ensued: Outraged cries, booing, and whistling by the offended parties, countered by cheers and applause by the more radical contingent. Such interruptions continued through the evening.

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At the time, only the dress rehearsal and opening night performance were held, and the play was not revived until The play brought fame to the 23 year old Jarry, and he immersed himself in the fiction he had created. From then on, Jarry would always speak in this style. He adopted Ubu's ridiculous and pedantic figures of speech; for example, he referred to himself using the royal we, and called the wind "that which blows" and the bicycle he rode everywhere "that which rolls.

Jarry moved into a flat which the landlord had created through the unusual expedient of subdividing a larger flat by means of a horizontal rather than a vertical partition. The diminutive Jarry could just manage to stand up in the place, but guests had to bend or crouch.

Jarry also took to carrying a loaded pistol. In response to a neighbor's complaint that his target shooting endangered her children, he replied, "If that should ever happen, ma-da-me, we should ourselves be happy to get new ones with you" though he was not at all inclined to engage with females in the manner implied.

Unpublished until after his death, his fiction Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, pataphysician Gestes et opinions du docteur Faustroll, pataphysicien describes the exploits and teachings of a sort of antiphilosopher who, born at age 63, travels through a hallucinatory Paris in a sieve and subscribes to the tenets of 'pataphysics. Jarry once wrote, expressing some of the bizarre logic of 'pataphysics, "If you let a coin fall and it falls, the next time it is just by an infinite coincidence that it will fall again the same way; hundreds of other coins on other hands will follow this pattern in an infinitely unimaginable fashion.

Jarry lived in his 'pataphysical world until his death in Paris on 1 November of tuberculosis, aggravated by drug and alcohol use. It is recorded that his last request was for a toothpick. Jarry cast an important shadow on the developmet of modern literature.

Ubu roi ou les Polonais - Alfred Jarry - Google книги

His Ubu created a type, a "symbol, even in the popular imagination, of bourgeios stupidity grown complacent and irresponsible through abuse of authority. Jarry was one of the most significant common precursors of the Theatre of the Absurd. His wild, irreverent, and lascivious Ubu plays, which scandalized Paris in the s and the concept of 'Pataphysics—"the science of imaginary solutions"—first presented in Jarry's Gestes et opinions du docteur Faustroll, pataphysicien Exploits and Opinions of Dr.

In his final years, he was a legendary and heroic figure to some of the young writers and artists in Paris. After his death, Pablo Picasso , fascinated with Jarry, acquired his pistol and wore it on his nocturnal expeditions in Paris, and later bought many of his manuscripts as well as executing a fine drawing of him. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.

Ubu Roi ou Les Polonais

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Previous Alfred Hitchcock. Next Alfred Kinsey. We have also calculated the following approximate data on the vocabulary in Ubu Roi ou Les Polonais:.

UBU ROI—“Under the Microscope”

If true, this means that you would need to know around 2, words where all the forms of the word are still counted as unique words in French to be able to read Ubu Roi ou Les Polonais without a dictionary and fully understand it. Here is the further grammatical comparison on this text. You can find an explanation of all these scores below. The TTR is the most basic measure of lexical diversity. To calculate it, we divide the number of unique words by the number of words in the text. However, the TTR is a very crude measure, as it is extremely dependent on text length.

The longer the text, the lower the TTR is usually going to be, since common words tend to often repeat.

Alfred Jarry

Especially since the number of words in this text is more than 1,, the TTR is not likely to give an accurate measure. However, these measures are not as easily readable, and also there is a growing body of research asserting that CTTR and RTTR do not effectively address the problems of text length. The formula for calculating the ARI is as follows:. The ARI should compute a reading level approximately corresponding to the reader's grade level assuming the reader undertakes formal education.

Thus, for example, a value of 1 is kindergarten level, while a value of 12 or 13 is the last year of school, and 14 is a sophomore at college. The current ARI of this text is 2 , making it understandable for 2-grade students at their expected level of education.

orwonlisore.tk The CLI is computed with this formula:. It is notable that other indexes exist, such as the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease, Gunning-Fog Score, and others, but we have chosen not to include them, since, contrary to the ARI and CLI, such other indexes are based on a syllable count and therefore arguably only work for English and not French. We compute a further compound lexical diversity index , which should range from 1 to a with the standard deviation being around 10, and its average value being around 50 - it is 54 in the present case.


  1. Alfred Jarry: French writer - Biography, Life, Family, Career, Facts, Information | PeoplePill.
  2. Among the Reapers.
  3. Ubu Roi: ou, Les Polonais (in French) from Project Gutenberg;
  4. The compound lexical diversity index consists of the following indexes, averaged out and also provided in the table above :. The score should normally range from 1 to In this case, the score is