PDF Rights and Duties of Women in Islam

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Indeed, in most countries where laws do not mandate unequal inheritance for sons and daughters, a majority of Muslims support equal inheritance. In the remaining 11 countries, opinions of women and men do not differ significantly on this question. Similarly, when it comes to the issue of equal inheritance for sons and daughters, Muslim women in nine countries are more likely than Muslim men to support it. But in the 14 other countries where the question was asked, the views of women and men are not significantly different. Attitudes of both Muslim women and men may reflect the prevailing cultural and legal norms of their society.

Overall, the survey finds that Muslims who want sharia to be the law of the land in their country often, though not uniformly, are less likely to support equal rights for women and more likely to favor traditional gender roles.

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Differences between those who want sharia to be the official law and those who do not are most pronounced when it comes to the role of wives. In 10 of the 23 countries where the question was asked, supporters of sharia as official law are more likely to say wives must always obey their husbands. Muslims who favor an official role for sharia also tend to be less supportive of granting specific rights to women.

Sources of Islamic Law

For instance, in six countries, those who want Islamic law as the official law are less likely to say women should have the right to divorce, including in Russia percentage points , Morocco and Albania Additionally, in seven countries, supporters of sharia as the official law of the land are less likely to say sons and daughters should receive equal inheritance. And in five countries, those who favor sharia as the official law are less likely to believe a woman should have the right to decide whether to wear a veil in public.

See Quran Informed by certain hadith, however, all main legal schools of Islam madhhab mandate that women should veil. See Siddiqui, Mona. See also Hasan, Usama. See Jawad, Haifaa A. The proof is given by four male witnesses or eight female witnesses with clean background histories i. Punishment for not being able to provide the required number of witnesses after accusing the defendants is eighty lashes of a whip. The couple are given chances to plead for forgiveness to God before the punishment is carried out.

If they do not, they will be punished. If both parties are married, they will both be stoned to death. If one is married, while the other is not, the former will be stoned until dead, and the latter will be given a hundred lashes. The severe punishment of an extra-marital are mainly to act as a deterrent to society from engaging in such relationships, as sex outside marriage is a major sin in Islam.

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  6. The pain of the punishment is also believed to lessen punishment in the afterlife. However, it is important to note that these punishments can only take place under a Muslim government implementing Sharia Law, and cannot be handed out in a non-Muslim country with a different legal system. Traditional Islamic schools of thought as based on the Quran and hadith usually consider homosexuality to be a punishable sin.

    Additionally, guardianship, gender roles, and male control over women's sexuality are also tools that allow for the enforcement of heterosexual norms. At least some of what is deemed to be masculine in Muslim cultures stems from the life and actions of Muhammad as put down in the Hadith.

    Women and Islam - Oxford Islamic Studies Online

    Upon her death he later married a total of fourteen women. In addition to the relationship between Muslim masculinity and female sexuality, some concepts of Muslim masculinity stem from the relationships between Muslim men. Prominent writer of "Islamic Masculinities", Lahoucine Ouzgane, proposes the idea that masculinity is rooted in a fear of emasculation by other men.

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    6. Viewpoints regarding gender roles vary with different interpretations of the Quran , different sects of the religion, and different cultural and locational regions. Salafiyyah literally means "that which pertains to ancestry". The ideas of Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz are characteristic of much of the salafiyyah sect. But even these must obey a strict separation of gender. The Qur'anic and prophetic terms for "moderation" are reflected in the word "wasatiyyah," which means the "middle way between extremes" and "upright without losing balance. Muhammad Al-Ghazali 's ideas characterize much of the wasatiyyah school of thought.

      She asserts that in the male mind society is divided into an economically productive section that is public and male and a domestic sphere that is private and female and that these two areas should not mix. Heba Ra'uf born Ra'uf stresses the importance of new interpretations of the Quran and Sunnah traditions and sayings of Muhammad. Ra'uf argues that the advancement of women's causes in Arab and Muslim societies requires a reworking of Islamic thought. She criticizes the efforts of those who draw their inspiration exclusively from Western feminism. Ra'uf dresses in the Muslim veil.

      Ra'uf acknowledges that women belong in the public sphere, and she challenges any gender-based separation between the public and private spheres. Until at least October , women are disallowed to drive in Saudi Arabia, the only country in the world with such a restriction. Women's development in Saudi Arabia has been relatively slower than in its neighboring Arab countries, especially regarding the improvement of female participation. The Islamic Republic of Iran has witnessed a number of advancements and setbacks for women's roles in the past 40 years, especially following the Iranian Revolution of Initially laws were enacted that restricted women's freedom of movement such as a more strict enforcing of veiling and a segregation of the sexes in public space [57] [58] Educational access was restricted and certain political positions and occupations were discouraged or barred to women.

      During the period of Taliban rule in Afghanistan, women were severely limited in employment opportunities. After the overthrow of the Taliban, education and employment opportunities improved.

      Women could again work as teachers, doctors, and civil servants. The Women Judges Association was established, and advocates female participation in the law and equality for women under the law.

      Also from this project:

      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Islam Beliefs. Profession of faith Prayer Alms-giving Fasting Pilgrimage. Texts and sciences. Culture and society. Related topics.


      Being a Muslim Wife, rights and duties

      Further information: Sex segregation and Islam. Main article: Islamic sexual jurisprudence. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main articles: Religious views on female genital mutilation and Female genital mutilation.

      Muslim Women Confront Common Stereotypes - ELLE

      Main articles: Women in Afghanistan and Women's rights in Afghanistan. It's prohibited, prohibited, prohibited," Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa said on the privately owned al-Mahwar network. It is vital, therefore, that mothers become educated to impart appropriate morals in their children who in turn would influence the future of healthy societies. A right given to Muslim women was the right to voice her opinion on socio-political issues.

      Women in Islam

      On any public matter, a Muslim woman may voice her opinion and participate in politics. An example from history is Abdurrahman Ibn Awf who consulted many women before he recommended Uthman Ibn Affan to be the Caliph and leader of the Muslims. A Muslim woman has the privilege to earn money, the right to own property, to enter into legal contracts and to manage all of her assets in any way she pleases. She can run her own business and no one can claim her earnings, including her husband.

      Islam has attached a lot of importance to marriage. A marriage provides the bedrock for ones emotional well being.